WHAT KIND OF EXAMINATION IS MAMMOGRAPHY?
- Mammography is the X-ray examination of the breasts
WHAT IS THE IRRADIATION SOURCE?
- Low dose X-ray beam
WHAT KIND OF INFORMATION CAN GIVE THE EXAMINATION TO THE RADIOLOGIST?
- The picture depicts the structural buildup of the breast, therefore it provides structural information
WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO ME DURING THE EXAMINATION?
- In the examination room, you are asked to undress above the waist and stand in front of the mammography device
- Throughout the examination you are in standing position
- The radiologist technician places your breasts after another onto the breastholder plate of the device and places a movable plate onto the breast. With the two plates the breasts are slightly squeezed (comprimated) and afterwards the X-ray image is taken.
- During the examination you experience a breast compression, which can be slightly uncomfortable, but it is a prerequisite of a high quality, evenly sharp, clear X-ray image.
- The radiology specialist makes an interview with you to get to know your anamnesis.
- The specialist reviews all the images and findings of the previous examinations and he or she compares it to the images of that day.
- In the end the specialist informs you about the result of the examination, gives over the examination report and answers your questions.
HOW LONG DOES THE EXAMINATION LAST?
- The mammography lasts approximately 6–7 minutes
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANALOGUE, CONVENTIONAL MAMMOGRAPHY AND DIRECT DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY EXAMINATION?
- It is proven that direct digital mammography gives a better result then the conventional method
- With digital technique, the device transforms X-ray irradiation signs to electronic signs and these signs depict the structure of the breasts – instead of onto X-ray film in case of analogue technique – onto the monitor of the PC.
- During direct digital examination the patients are exposed to a lower irradiation dose: the instrument first determines the type of the breast tissue, its density and its thickness, and based on these data, determines the lowest irradiation dose which is required to the provide the highest image quality
- The structure of the breast can be better examined by high resolution, special monitors.
- The image can be better assessed in detail with the aid of a computerised program (it can be zoomed, its negative can be seen, its brightness can be changed - any mask can be used etc.).
- It can be compared to previous examination results on the same monitor
- The image can be digitally archived, home storage of the image is not needed
FOR WHOM AND HOW OFTEN IS MAMMOGRAPHY EXAMINATION RECOMMENDED?
- The choice of the required imaging methods is based on clinical decision and it depends on several factors: such as age, the size of the breasts and the personal and family history with regard to the risk factors
- The exact age threshold should be determined individually and it is always the competence of the radiology specialist
- For average-risk women who are below the age of 40 and breast cancer is suspected based on other types of breast examinations
- For high-risk women below 40 years of age yearly
- For average-risk women between 40–50 years of age who are free of signs and symptoms, because the incidence of breast cancer is higher in this age group and the malignant tumour developed in this age can grow faster
- For average-risk women above the age of 50 it is recommended in every second year
- (women of between 45–65 years of age and free of signs and symptoms receive a referral in every 2 years in the frame of public health screening)
FOR WHOM MAMMOGRAPHY IS NOT RECOMMENDED?
- In pregnant women mammography examination should not be performed
- Below 30–35 years of age it is warranted only in exceptional cases
WHY THE USE OF NEW BREAST DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES AND DEVICES IS REQUIRED?
- Because there is no such examination which can give a result of 100%
- The more information has the radiology specialist, the more precise is the diagnosis
- The aim of developing modern breast diagnostics is to provide such examinational processes and devices with which the structure of the breasts can be examined possibly without any irradiation exposure.
- International experts in breast radiology stated the indisputable fact that examinations are not competing to each other, their common aim is to detect the presence of a malignant lesion as soon as possible
WHAT KIND OF EXAMINATIONS ARE RECOMMENDED BESIDES MAMMOGRAPHY AND WHY?
- X-ray mammography is the gold standard of breast diagnostics but its value is limited in case of dense breasts because in dense and solid type breasts the still not palpable lumps can be hidden by the structure
- In case of younger women the substance of the breasts is still controlled by hormones and it is much more solid as later, after the cessation of regular menses
- In older ages the glandular substance usually atrophises, and the X-ray beam can differentiate better in a fattier base substance
- In the dense, solid breast tissue, for the mammography is "more difficult to see":
- On the X-ray image there are black and white areas.
- The dense type tissues are rich in connective tissue and glandular substance and are depicted as white areas on the X-ray image. The image of the malignant lesion is also white, so the tumour can be hidden by the dense breast tissue.
- The colour of the fattier type breast tissue is almost black on the X-ray image, in which the white tumour can be easily distinguished.
- In case of a dense type breast, the following examinations are recommended besides the X-ray mammography:
- The presence of the „dense” type of breast tissue is very common in women below the 50 years of age.
- In the dense type of breast tissue the risk of breast cancer is two times higher as in the normal breast tissue, in the extreme dense type, the risk can be 4–6 fold higher as the average risk.
WHAT TYPE OF X-RAY MAMMOGRAPHY DEVICE IS USED AT MEDOC HEALTH CENTER?
- A röntgen mammográfiás vizsgálatokat GE Senographe Crystal, alacsony sugárdózisú, direkt digitális készülékkel végezzük
WHEN WILL I GET TO KNOW THE RESULT OF THE EXAMINATION?
- Specialists at the Medoc Health Center know very well the phsychological burden of waiting, therefore the detailed specialist evaluation of the findings and the handover of the report is performed immediately without delay.
- No matter how old you are, if you have noticed any abnormality in your breast, DO NOT WAIT, but please contact our specialists without delay.
- Before choosing any of our examination packages, please refer to our "Breast diagnostics" service!
- At MeDoc Health Center our specialist ALWAYS conduct a complex mammography examination, and the result is always evaluated with the results of other breast diagnostic methods.
- In order to detect breast cancer early, the ladies herselves can make the most.
HOW SHOULD I PREPARE MYSELF FOR THE EXAMINATION?
- For the breast examination the most suitable time interval is the first half of the menstrual cycle, Days 8–14 from the first day of the bleeding (in this phase, the breasts are less sensitive)
- Please bring all your medical reports on previous breast examinations.
- Please wear such clothing that you can comfortably take off from the top half of your body.
- Please wear such jewelleries what are easy to take off.
- Please do not use any cream or deodorant because those can affect the results of the mammography examination.