Orthopaedics is a branch of medicine concerned with inherited and acquired diseases of the locomotive organs. Treatments are conservative - non surgical - and also surgical procedures. The locomotor system is the biggest organ system of our body, and its smooth function is essential for us in our everyday life and to our well-being. This is a unique organ systems whose function can be mostly controlled and influenced voluntarily. Overload and lack of physical activity of the locomotor system can, combined, cause problems. Both can cause several diseases and lesions associated with pain, disability or deformity. The orthopedist can help you treat and cure these disaeases.
WHEN SHOULD I CONTACT AN ORTHOPAEDIST?Orthopedic examination is taken place by an orthopedic specialist experienced both in surgical and in conservative treatment. The orthopaedist can help with all locomotor system diseases related to injury, arthrosis, and overload which are associated with pain, swelling, limited range of motion or deformity.
Degenerative joint diseases (osteoarthrosis)
- Hip arthrosis
- Knee arthrosis
- Ankle arthrosis
- Softening of the articular cartilage
- Injury of the articular cartilage (osteochondral lesion)
- Flat foot
- Hollow foot
- Hammer toe
- Bunion (Hallux valgus)
- Deformities after a previous fracture
- Symptoms of the heel (Haglund’s deformity, heel spur)
- Achilles tendon disorders
- Acute and chronic injuries
- Limited range of motion
- Tendon sheath inflammation
- Enthesopathies (pain around the insertion of tendons: tennis elbow, golf elbow, jumper’s knee...)
- Myofascial trigger points (muscle cramps which feel like knots causing local and radiating pain)
If you have have pain in multiple places rather than pain on one specific body region (eg. pain all over the body, polyarthritis), then a reumatologist consultation is recommended.
WHAT SHOULD I EXPECT DURING THE ORTHOPAEDIC EXAMINATION?During the examination the patient voices his/her concerns, and the physician asks further symptom- oriented questions, if needed. Afterwards he or she examines the symptomatic region by inspection, palpation and by specific tests or maneuvers. Based on the result of the physical examination, the physician decides if further tests are required (imaging studies, blood tests, radiopharmaceutical examination, etc.). Based on the established diagnosis, he or she recommends a treatment.